COP21 - FOCUS DAY ON TRANSPORT : Ségolène Royal announces 4 initiatives for the acceleration of climate action in the field of transport
On the occasion of Transport Action Day on December 3, Ségolène Royal, Minister of Ecology, Sustainable Development and Energy, and Head of the French delegation has launched four initiatives for an acceleration of climate actions in the field of transport.
1) Launch of a call for the development of an electric car accessible to all for less than 7,000 EUR
2 )France’s support to the Paris Declaration on Electro-Mobility and Climate change that was presented by the "Zero Emission Vehicles Alliance", and brings together regions and states that commit to electric mobility (20% of electric vehicles by 2030) ;
The declaration sets the objective for at least 20% of all world vehicles (including 2 and 3-wheelers, cars, trucks and buses) to be electric-powered by 2030. For the first time, the world adopts a common vision on the effort required to make electric mobility a key driver in the fight against climate change. The higher volume of orders will help reduce production and marketing prices.
3) France’s support, with 2 million EUR from the French Global Environment Facility, to the initiative MobiliseYourCity that aims at facilitating transport planning projects in 20 cities in developing and emerging countries, with the support of AFD (“French Development Agency”), CEREMA (French “Center for studies and expertise on risk, the environment, mobility and planning”), CODATU (French “Cooperation for Development and Improvement of Urban and Suburban Transport), and the German International Cooperation Organisation (GIZ).
Other sectors commit to promising initiatives :
The Global Fuel Economy Initiative (GFEI) on efficient vehicles : 65 countries now share the goal of dividing by two the average fuel consumption of new vehicles by 2030, 40 developing countries have joined the initiative launched in New York ;
The Global Green Freight Action Plan with the commitment of 13 new countries to implement a program or join in a regional initiative on green freight.
4) A national plan for the deployment of positive energy roads that will incorporate photovoltaic cells to generate electricity : 1,000 km within the next 5 years.
The transportation sector is the largest emitter of greenhouse gases in France, with 27% of total emissions. It is responsible for 23% of all global emissions.
This event brought together many States and Parties : Mr. Manuel Pulgar Vidal, Minister of Environment of Peru opened the day with Ségolène Royal, in the presence of Ms. Violeta Bulc, European Commissioner for Transport, the Swedish, Chilean, and Luxembourg ministers, and Ms. Hakima El Haite, Minister of Environment of Morocco.
Civil society was strongly represented with several speakers : Mr. Jean-Dominique Senard (Michelin, CEO), Mr. Yann Ricordel (Blue taxis, CEO), Jean-Pierre Loubinoux (International Union of Railways - UICF, Director General), and Mr. Bernard Soulage (Rhône Alpes Region, Vice-President).
The day was organized by the Paris Process on Mobility and Climate (PPMC) Consortium. This event also emphasised the importance of adapting transport to the effects of climate change, when there are still very few initiatives in this field today.
The Focus on Transport was an opportunity to make new commitments in five areas that are crucial for reducing greenhouse gas emissions :
Freight and long-distance transport,
Positive energy Roads.
The Energy Transition for Green Growth Act aims at developing clean transport to improve air quality and protect public health. The France set itself an ambitious goal : 10% of the energy consumed by all modes of transport will originate from renewable sources by 2020, rising to 15% by 2030.
The bonus for the purchase of an electric vehicle was extended and increased on 1 April 2015 when accompanied by the scrapping of a pollutant vehicle : the total bonus may amount to 10,000 EUR. Between September 2014 and 31 December 2015, private individuals who install a charging station for electric vehicles can get a 30% tax credit. The law sets a goal of 7 million charging stations in France in 2030.
The French State and its public institutions must conform to a minimum 50% share of vehicles with low CO2 and air pollutants emissions, such as electric vehicles, when renewing their fleets. Local authorities are subject to the same requirement concerning 20% of their fleet. All new buses and coaches that shall be acquired for public transport services from 2025 onwards will have to be low-emission vehicles. Car rental companies, operators of taxis and transport vehicles with driver (VTC) will have to buy 10% of low-emission vehicles when renewing their fleets.
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